2018救济金6元棋牌

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                                Essential Vermeer 3.0
                                Looking for a painting by Vermeer? Find it with QUICK SEARCH!

                                Reconstructions of Vermeer's Rooms

                                (drawings by Philip Steadman)

                                Detail of an axonometric view
                                Detail of an axonometric view
                                of Vermeer's Concert.

                                It is curious that two of the most important twentieth-century investigations of Vermeer's life and art were not carried out by members of the art history community, but by an American economist (John Michael Montias, Vermeer and His Milieu, 1989) and an English architect Philip Steadman (, 20012).

                                Steadman's study of Vermeer and the camera obscura became not only the topic of a heated debate amongst savvy art historians, but following press coverage and TV documentaries, it stirred considerable interest among the art-loving laymen as well. Since the book's publication, the majority of historians have accepted Steadman's hypothesis—sustained by painstaking documentation and intellectual clarity—that Vermeer systematically employed the camera obscura as an aid to plan his compositions, study the optical effects of his and in some instances, imitate the peculiarities of the camera obscura image. But more remarkably, Steadman provided significant evidence that the artist may very well have projected the camera's image directly onto his blank canvases in order to trace the outlines of a large parts of his compositions (or alternately first onto paper then transferred to the canvas).

                                About the drawings

                                Steadman's research brought him to make scale geometric drawings of the spaces and movable objects depicted in eleven of Vermeer's domestic interiors. They were constructed by a method called "reverse perspective." In the normal process of setting up perspectives, one moves from a three-dimensional scene to a two-dimensional image. By reversing this process, one can move from a two-dimensional image (such as one of Vermeer's rigorously depicted interiors) to a three-dimensional scene. The method is explained in detail in Chapter 5 of , "Reconstructing the spaces in Vermeer's paintings."

                                Below, an "axonometric" bird's eye view, a plan, and a side view are given for eleven of Vermeer's interiors. An axonometric is a specialized form of perspective in which the plan preserves its true scale and there is no diminution with distance.

                                Mr. Steadman has graciously allowed the Essential Vermeer website to publish these drawings accessible below in high-resolution.

                                Scale

                                The scale of Steadman's reconstructions can be gauged by the floor tiles. The small tiles in The Glass of Wine and The Girl with the Wine Glass are 14.6 cm. (≈5 3/4 in.) square. The larger tiles in all the other paintings are 29.3 cm. (≈11 1/2 in.) square. More details are given in Appendix B, "Measurements of Vermeer's room and furniture." Here estimated sizes are also given for the various props and pieces of furniture.

                                2018救济金6元棋牌In some cases, examples of these items survive in museum collections, and so actual measurements can be obtained from the originals. These known sizes make it possible to calculate the dimensions of the architectural features and their positions in the room, such as floor tiles, windows and so on. Appendix B discusses some uncertainties involved in some of the measurements and minor inconsistencies between different paintings.

                                The viewpoint of each drawing (the position at which Vermeer would have put his eye in order to see the scene as it appears in the painting), is labeled with a cross. Only those parts of the tiled floors that are visible in the paintings are shown in the plans. In some instances the positions of objects or parts of objects which are not wholly visible but can be located with certainty, for example the legs of chairs or the feet of tables, are shown in dotted lines. These drawings are also available on thee Steadman's website, .

                                To access high-resolution LIGHTBOX images, click on the title of the painting or the images of the drawings. Use keyboard arrow keys to navigate forwards or backwards.

                                The paintings are numbered in agreement with the Essential Vermeer Interactive Catalogue.


                                10. The Glass of Wine

                                Axonometric view of The Glass of Wine by Johannes Vermeer (drawing by Philip Steadman)
                                Side view of The Glass of Wine by Johannes Vermeer (drawing by Philip Steadman)
                                Plan view of The Glass of Wine by Johannes Vermeer (drawing by Philip Steadman)

                                11. The Girl with a Wine Glass

                                Axonometric view of The Girl with a Wine Glass by Johannes Vermeer (drawing by Philip Steadman)
                                Side view of The Girl with a Wine Glass by Johannes Vermeer (drawing by Philip Steadman)
                                Plan view of The Girl with a Wine Glass by Johannes Vermeer (drawing by Philip Steadman)

                                14. The Music Lesson

                                Axonometric view of The Music Lesson by Johannes Vermeer (drawing by Philip Steadman)
                                Side view of The Music Lesson by Johannes Vermeer (drawing by Philip Steadman)
                                Plan view of The Music Lesson by Johannes Vermeer (drawing by Philip Steadman)

                                14. Woman with a Lute

                                Axonometric view of Woman with a Lute by Johannes Vermeer (drawing by Philip Steadman)
                                Side view of Woman with a Lute by Johannes Vermeer (drawing by Philip Steadman)
                                Plan view of Woman with a Lute by Johannes Vermeer (drawing by Philip Steadman)

                                24. The Concert

                                Axonometric view of The Concert by Johannes Vermeer (drawing by Philip Steadman)
                                Side view of The Art of Painting by Johannes Vermeer (drawing by Philip Steadman)
                                Plan view of The Art of Painting by Johannes Vermeer (drawing by Philip Steadman)

                                25. The Art of Painting

                                Axonometric view of The Art of painting by Johannes Vermeer (drawing by Philip Steadman)
                                Side view of The Art of Painting by Johannes Vermeer (drawing by Philip Steadman)
                                Plan view of The Art of Painting by Johannes Vermeer (drawing by Philip Steadman)

                                31. The Love Letter

                                Axonometric view of The Love Letter by Johannes Vermeer (drawing by Philip Steadman)
                                Side view of The Love Letter by Johannes Vermeer (drawing by Philip Steadman)
                                Plan view of The Love Letter by Johannes Vermeer (drawing by Philip Steadman)

                                33. Lady Writing a Letter with her Maid

                                Axonometric view of Lady Writing a Letter with her Maid by Johannes Vermeer (drawing by Philip Steadman)
                                Side view of Lady Writing a Letter with her Maid by Johannes Vermeer (drawing by Philip Steadman)
                                Plan view of the Lady Writing a Letter with her Maid by Johannes Vermeer (drawing by Philip Steadman)

                                34. Allegory of Faith

                                Axonometric view of Allegory of Faith by Johannes Vermeer (drawing by Philip Steadman)
                                Side view of Allegory of Faith by Johannes Vermeer (drawing by Philip Steadman)
                                Plan view of Allegory of Faith by Johannes Vermeer (drawing by Philip Steadman)

                                35. A Lady Standing at a Virginal

                                Axonometric view of A Lady Standing at a Virginal, Johannes Vermeer (drawing by Philip Steadman)
                                Side view of A Lady Standing at a Virginal by Johannes Vermeer (drawing by Philip Steadman)
                                Plan view of A Lady Standing at a Virginal by Johannes Vermeer (drawing by Philip Steadman)

                                36. A Lady Seated at a Virginal

                                Axonometric view of A Lady Seated at a Virginal, Johannes Vermeer (drawing by Philip Steadman)
                                Side view of A Lady Seated at a Virginal by Johannes Vermeer (drawing by Philip Steadman)

                                Plan view of A Lady Seated at a Virginal by Johannes Vermeer (drawing by Philip Steadman)

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